Navigating the Newsletter

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Great Lakes/Marine Education Calendar
Organization News:
GLEAMS
  • 2011 GLEAMS Board Nominations
COSEE Great Lakes
  • GL Education Summit
  • Online Review
  • GL Literacy brochures
  • Fresh and Salt
  • O'LAKERS
  • Scientist profile
Opportunities
  • Research contest
  • Kurtz on JOIDES
  • State conferences
Great Lakes News
  • OWC upgrading
  • Scavia on climate change
  • Canadian Trail
  • Obama signs carp control
  • Shipping news
Marine News
  • Census of Marine Life
  • 2010 busy hurricane season
  • Carcinogens still in oiled waters
  • Norfolk & sea level
  • Bluefin and shark regulations
Resources for Great Lakes Education
  • Eutrophication animation
  • Lake Ontario book
  • Waterlife documentary
  • Sea lamprey on Dirty Jobs
  • Seaway birding list
  • ClimateWisconsin web
  • Great Lakes-Engage blog
Resources for Marine Education
  • NOAA Lessons from the Deep
  • Deepwater Horizon Library
  • OCEAN-OIL database
  • Banana Slugs new CD
  • Climate Change game
  • Activity: Sea Level

Past Newsletters

icon_external_link Volume 4, Issue 3
Late Summer 2010
icon_external_link Volume 4, Issue 2
Spring 2010
icon_external_link Volume 4, Issue 1
Winter 2009
icon_external_link Volume 3, Issue 4
Autumn 2009
icon_external_link Volume 3, Issue 3
Summer 2009
icon_external_link Volume 3, Issue 2
Spring 2009
icon_external_link Volume 3, Issue 1
Winter 2009
icon_external_link Volume 2, Issue 4
Autumn 2008
icon_external_link Volume 2, Issue 3
Summer 2008
icon_external_link Volume 2, Issue 2
Spring 2008
icon_external_link Volume 2, Issue 1
Winter 2008
Volume 1, Issue 4
Autumn 2007
Volume 1, Issue 3
June 2007
Volume 1, Issue 2
February 2007
Volume 1, Issue 1
November 2006

Quarterly Newsletter for GLEAMS (Great Lakes Educators of Aquatic and Marine Science) and COSEE Great Lakes (Center for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence)

Winter 2010-11 Volume 4, Issue 4

ships wheelFrom the Helm: Rosanne Fortner

The New Year brings us to a time of reflection and anticipation. For five years, the COSEE Great Lakes ship has been powered by NSF/NOAA and EPA support to develop ways for scientists to interact with educators. We brokered opportunities for both groups to develop new abilities for and interest in collaboration, with the goal of enhancing Great Lakes education and facilitating broader outreach for science. We have evidence that the goal is being met, and that more COSEE-type opportunities would be well received!

We also demonstrated for the national COSEE Network that the North Coast not only has exemplary Lake science education but also is a regional standard-bearer in ocean education efforts! Our Great Lakes Literacy Principles parallel those of Ocean Literacy, and will codify the critical science and social studies concepts of both for the curriculum.

With the end of our formal funding period, we will be turning Great Lakes education over to those state Sea Grant Educators who have led COSEE Great Lakes so well! This will be the last newsletter edited jointly with COSEE, as GLEAMS resumes leadership in this communication mode.

This doesn't mean that we've gone belly-up! COSEE Great Lakes staff will be continuing teacher education programs as possible with COSEE residuals and state funds in 2011, and you can look forward to new reports coming out of our Summit workshop and online review of papers. We see our Scientist and Educator participants as the greatest resource for Great Lakes education, and the state Sea Grant educators know who you are!

2011 will be an especially important year for evaluation, so please respond when Howard and Rosanne contact you with questions and follow-up to your COSEE experience. The first survey goes out this month to all the scientists who were in COSEE GL programs in 2010. If you get email about the survey, please take time to answer it promptly. Other kinds of evaluation will be coming along soon. Many forms of data are being compiled for NSF's Decadal Review of the COSEE program nationally, and we need your support to illustrate our Great Lakes contributions to that oceanic education effort.

Great Lakes/Marine Education Calendar: Winter 2011

International Association for Great Lakes Research
Proposals are due January 21, 2011, for the meeting in Duluth MN, May 30-June 3. Visit iaglr.org for information and online submission. We expect to have a number of COSEE presentations at this event, and it is a great place to learn about the current and emerging science of the lakes.
NAAEE in Raleigh NC
Proposals for sessions due online February 1, 2011, for conference October 12-15. This is the 40th Anniversary of NAAEE [North American Association for Environmental Education], a special meeting that will attract EE practitioners from many countries. Read about session formats and submit at http://www.naaee.org/conference.
Nominations due for GLEAMS positions
November 25, 2011. More information below in GLEAMS News. Nominations should be sent to Terri Hallesy.
EE Week to focus on Oceans
April 10-16, 2011
Recognizing the importance of protecting the health of our ocean and understanding our dependence upon it regardless of its proximity, EE Week's 2011 theme is Ocean Connections. Visit EEWeek.org for resources, curricula, webinars and more. Sign up to learn about events and resources or register your own group's activities.
Coastal Zone 2011 Conference (CZ11)
July 17-21, 2011, Chicago, IL
The Coastal Zone Conferences are biennial international symposiums on coastal, ocean and Great Lakes issues that have been held since 1978. This will be the first time the conference has been held in Illinois and only the second time that it has been held on the Great Lakes. It is the largest gathering of coastal professionals of its kind drawing 800-1000 persons. For more information, please visit: http://www.doi.gov/initiatives/CZ11/index.htm.
Great Lakes Regional Calendar
Organizations working for the lakes post their events at this link.

GLEAMS Logo

GLEAMS News

2011 GLEAMS Board Nominations
Make a difference in marine and aquatic education —join the GLEAMS Board!

GLEAMS is looking for some fun, motivated individuals to join our board. We are currently accepting nominations for President, President Elect, Treasurer, Secretary, and State Representatives (two each from Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Wisconsin). All nominations must be received by February 25, 2011. Please send your nominations to Terri Hallesy at Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant College Program, 368 NSRC, 1101 W Peabody MC-635, Urbana, IL 61801 or thallesy@uiuc.edu. An announcement of candidates will be posted on the GLEAMS website and sent to GLEAMS members via e-mail by March 4, 2011. Those without e-mail will receive a mailing.

Voting will take place via mailed ballot to be sent out during the week of March 7, 2011. All ballots must be postmarked by March 25, 2011.

For more information on all the GLEAMS board positions, please visit www.greatlakeseducators.org/bylaws.html. On this ballot, members will be asked vote on changes to GLEAMS Bylaws that will allow us to institute electronic voting for GLEAMS Board members and to use e-mail for Board communications. For detail of the exact changes, please visit that site. The Board recommends a YES vote on these amendments. A special thank you to GLEAMS member Lyndsey Manzo, who not only transcribed the transcripts from scanned .tif files but also solicited feedback on our proposed bylaws amendments from the NMEA Bylaws Committee.

COSEE Logo

COSEE Great Lakes News

Our five-year NSF/NOAA program is completed and we are now in a period in which we publicize our findings, develop ways to follow up on our successes, and seek support for additional Great Lakes education. While many of these efforts will occur in Director Fortner's office, the seven Sea Grant educators and their federal partners in NOAA and USEPA will be working in their own states to build on what has been done as a Center for Ocean Sciences Education. We have new contacts among individuals and organizations with common goals for scientists collaborating with educators. We hope you will be with us as we move forward into the coming year!
Great Lakes Education Summit
Participants in GL Education Summit
With most COSEE Great Lakes programming completed, the Great Lakes Education Summit was convened in September 2010. This event was planned as part of the original proposal submitted to the National Science Foundation in 2005. The Summit was designed to provide the culminating activity for our partnerships, and also provide a forum for establishing future programming among research scientists and regional educators. We brought a group of scientists and educators to Maumee Bay State Park in Ohio, to serve as a working group to help us compile a summary of what has been accomplished and what remains to be done in our primary thrusts of Collaboration, Professional Development, Curriculum, Informal Education and Technology. Our Advisory Committee met for a full day in advance of participant arrival so they could review the program and provide their report for participants. Reports from the five working groups at the summit were brought to the next event, an online review of the work [below].
Online Review of Working Group Papers and Summit Plenaries
The College of Exploration hosted a week-long period from December 8-14, during which time all previous COSEE GL participants and other interested parties were invited to see video of the panels of researchers and educators, hear about how GL efforts mesh with the National COSEE Network, and learn preliminary results from the evaluation of summer workshops. Visitors to the review site at http://www.coexploration.org/coseegreatlakes were also invited to download and make suggestions for any of the five working papers that will be part of a monograph about the program.
Great Lakes Literacy brochures
We are proud to promote the use of the Great Lakes Literacy Principles for use by educators and school distritcts in planning for instruction, and by scientsts to demonstrate relevance of their research to science education! A second printing of the brochures allows us to make them available for purchase in quantities of $350 for 450 brochures [the quantity in one shipping container]. The cost includes shipping. Contact Ohio Sea Grant to order, or download individual copies from www.greatlakesliteracy.net. The web site also contains resources for each of the principles!
Fresh and Salt
The culmination of the COSEE Great Lakes program includes a set of 14 lessons pairing classroom activities for teaching about fresh and salt water. Designed to be used by teachers in grades 5-12, these pre-existing materials have been rigorously reviewed and tested in schools. Pilot testers in Great Lakes schools evaluated materials for appropriateness of the grade level, reliability, accessibility, functionality, and relevance to the literacy principles. The lessons were developed by national and regional agencies, institutes, organizations and universities.

Each activity is matched with State Science Education Standards for Great Lakes states, Great Lakes and Ocean Literacy Principles, and National Geography Standards. This standards-based framework will enable educators to integrate the Fresh and Salt curriculum into classrooms and informal learning environments. An Instructional Mode chart is also provided to assist educators in identifying the type of activity and its application to the curriculum. It is our hope that this new curriculum collection will engage students in relevant science and help prepare students as responsible decision-makers and future leaders to promote a sustainable society. Watch the coseegreatlakes.net web site for announcement of availability!
O'LAKERS
Each Great Lakes state still has some funds to support efforts of regional science education providers to bring in school groups, and for school classes to visit science facilities. Contact your state COSEE staff to see how to get funds for O'LAKERS [Ocean/Lake-Aware Kids Engaged in Relevant Science].
COSEE Scientist profiles
In the wider world of the COSEE Network, various centers are collaborating to produce profiles of how scientists collaborate with educators. Three case studies are complete now, at www.cosee.net/engaging_scientists/. The coming months will have a Great Lakes scientist featured, and GLERL's Rochelle Sturtevant is managing that contribution to the national effort.

Opportunities

IGES Environmental Research contest
The 2011 Thacher Environmental Research Contest, sponsored by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, challenges high school students (grades 9-12) to conduct innovative research on our changing planet using the latest geospatial tools and data. Winning projects will receive cash awards [$2,000 for first place, $1,000 for second and $500 for third place. Entries can be submitted by individuals or teams. Entries Due: April 11, 2011 www.strategies.org/thachercontest
How Do We Explore?
Join NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (OER) for the latest educator professional development opportunity based upon the voyages of NOAA's new ship and America's Ship for Ocean Exploration, the Okeanos Explorer. This FREE offering introduces the second volume of the Okeanos Explorer Education Materials Collection, How Do We Explore? Topics include searching for anomalies, selecting sites for exploration, communication tools, telepresence technology, mapping techniques, water column study and operating remotely-operated vehicles. For Educators of All Grade Levels, January 24 - February 11, 2011. The workshop will be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Educators will have the option to receive one graduate extension credit ($100) or obtain a certificate of completion. Registration is open at www.coexploration.org/oe
Kurtz communicates from JOIDES Resolution
Kevin Kurtz, educator and author of such books as A Day in the Salt Marsh, is serving as the Education Officer aboard the scientific drill ship the JOIDES Resolution. They will be at sea for eight weeks to study the underwater volcanoes that make up the Louisville seamount trail. The expedition is looking for schools and museums to videoconference with the ship between December 20 and February 10. The videoconferences are an opportunity for students or museum visitors to talk live with the scientists onboard and ask them questions. To participate, complete the simple [and free] application form. First come, first served.
Network at Conferences!
We hope to see you at the national conferences listed in the CALENDAR section, or at these state events. Use your Great Lakes education experiences to network with others!

  • Science Education Council of Ohio,
    February 10-12, Akron, OH secoonline.org

  • Michigan Science Teachers Association,
    February 25-26, Grand Rapids, MI msta-mich.org

  • Michigan Earth Science Teachers Association
    [typically in August] mestarocks.org

  • Hoosier Association of Science Teachers, Inc,
    February 9-11, Indianapolis, hasti.org

  • Illinois Science Teachers Association,
    next November ista-il.org

  • Pennsylvania Science Teachers Association
    [next December] Pascience.org

  • Minnesota Science Teachers Association,
    Mar 31 – Apr 2, Mankato, MN mnsta.org

  • Wisconsin Society of Science Teachers,
    March 17-19, Kalahari Resort, WI wsst.org

  • Science Teachers Association of New York State
    [next November] stanys.org

Great Lakes News

Old Woman Creek NERR facility updates
The visitor center at Old Woman Creek National Estuarine Research Reserve is being renovated, and is closed for now. During closure, new programming is being developed for the enhanced exhibits and facilities. Reopening is expected in July 2011. Meanwhile, the trail system and beach access remain open from sunrise to sunset for individual or group exploration.
Scavia interview on Great Lakes climate change
The Environment Report for October 5 featured an interview with Dr. Don Scavia, the original Principal Investigator for COSEE Great Lakes. Don provided a basic overview of regional impacts of climate change. Michigan State University and the University of Michigan have received funding for a new research center to help understand how things might continue to change, and how the region can prepare. Don is one of the leaders of the new center. Listen and learn at http://environmentreport.org/show.php?showID=472
Canadian trail for the Lake Erie shore
The Carolinian Canada Coalition (CCC) is embarking on a 3-year program to plan a Coastal Stewardship Trail along Lake Erie's north shore. According to the leaders, the "goal is to boost stewardship efforts by fostering understanding, appreciation and enjoyment of this shared coastal ecosystem. Our trail planning initiative will also explore ways to strengthen multisector collaboration and make ecologically-minded landscape changes." Several meetings for public input have been held. To track progress, visit http://www.carolinian.org/ (Source: GLIN Announce, 11/1/10)
Obama signs carp control
On December 14, the President signed into law the Asian Carp Prevention and Control Act (S. 1421). This law amends the Lacey Act to add bighead carp to the list of injurious species that are prohibited from being shipped or imported into the United States.
Great Lakes shipping rebounding
According to greatlakesports.org, "the St. Lawrence Seaway has reported a significant rise in iron ore, coal and grain shipments as it enters the final stretch of the shipping season. Total cargo shipments in November jumped by 28 percent to 4.8 million metric tons compared to the same period last year, with some sections of the Seaway seeing the highest number of ship transits for this time of the year in more than a decade. Year-to-date [Dec. 9] total cargo shipments for the period between March 31 and November 30 were 31.9 million metric tons, up 19 percent compared to 2009. The Seaway expects that figure will hit 35 million metric tons before the shipping season concludes at the end of the month."

Marine News

Census of Marine Life completed!
The decade-long Census of Marine Life concluded this past autumn. The total number of species now known to live in the ocean is nearly 250,000, but scientists say that may only be a fraction of the total that remains to be discovered. The team of 2,700 researchers from 80 nations released their final findings on October 4 after a study that brought them out to sea for 9,000 days during more than 540 expeditions. Initiated in 2000 the Census grew to involve more than ten times its original 250 collaborators and resulted in the publication of more than 2,600 scientific papers, almost one every 1.5 days. The initiative increased the estimate of known marine species, provided images of creatures never seen before and mapped areas of high and low diversity of marine life. Explore the resources of the COML at www.coml.org/.
Busy Atlantic hurricane season
According to NOAA [www.nhc.noaa.gov/], the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season was one of the busiest on record, continuing the string of active hurricane seasons that began in 1995. In contrast, the eastern North Pacific season had the fewest storms on record since the satellite era began. In the Atlantic Basin a total of 19 named storms formed — tied with 1887 and 1995 for third highest on record. Of those, 12 became hurricanes — tied with 1969 for second highest on record. Five of those reached major hurricane status of Category 3 or higher. An average Atlantic season produces 11 named storms, six hurricanes and two major hurricanes. Large-scale climate features strongly influenced this year's hurricane activity. In 2010, record warm Atlantic waters, combined with the favorable winds coming off Africa and weak wind shear aided by La Niña energized developing storms.
Carcinogens in oil spill waters
The Environmental News Network reported in October that Oregon State University researchers found sharply heightened levels of chemicals including carcinogens off the coast of Louisiana in August, the last sampling date, even after BP successfully capped its runaway Gulf well in mid-July. Near Grand Isle, Louisiana, the team discovered that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) -- which include carcinogens and that pose various risks to human health -- remained at levels 40 times higher than before the area was affected by the oil spill. The compounds can enter the food chain through organisms like plankton or fish. See Marine Education Resources below for materials to learn and teach about the Gulf Oil Spill of 2010.
Norfolk on front lines of sea level rise
An article in the New York Times at Thanksgiving featured the plight of this coastal Virginia city as an example of what other towns could face with rising sea level. "Like many other cities, Norfolk was built on filled-in marsh. Now that fill is settling and compacting. In addition, the city is in an area where significant natural sinking of land is occurring. The result is that Norfolk has experienced the highest relative increase in sea level on the East Coast — 14.5 inches since 1930." The article describes new projects for mitigation of impacts as well as ways the residents are adapting to changes.
Bluefin tuna catch reduced; shark sale banned
At their annual meeting in Paris in November 2010, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT) agreed to decrease [by only 600 metric tons] the 2011 quota for bluefin tuna catch in the eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. This small decrease from the 2010 quota was only a fraction of what tuna conservation groups hoped for. ICCAT also agreed to ban the fishing and sale of oceanic whitetip sharks and six types of hammerhead sharks. Tuna fishing fleets frequently catch sharks as bycatch and intentionally. They are then either discarded as waste or their fins are cut off for use in shark-fin soup. Populations of oceanic whitetip shark have declined 99 percent in the Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean Sea, while hammerhead numbers also have dropped 99 percent in the Mediterranean. [Source: SeaWeb Nov 30, 2010]

Resources for Teaching: Great Lakes

Eutrophication animation
COSEE NOW has produced a graphic animation of how eutrophication occurs and how it impacts waterways. Though it was developed for ocean systems the processes and impacts are the same in the Great Lakes! View at http://coseenow.net/blog/eutrophication-animation/.
Lake Ontario book
Author Susan Gateley has published a book for grades 4-6 that helps readers learn about Lake Ontario's science and geography as they try to solve the mystery of where the lake's eels have gone. Twinkle Toes and The Riddle of the Lake includes an 80-page appendix on emerging issues and maritime history. The book is available in both hard copy and for Kindle. Gateley also has a free ten minute 'virtual field trip' for earth science/ geography for classroom use at www.silverwaters.com/program1/index.html plus other classroom activities designed for NYS learning standards.
Waterlife
This is a new documentary that reveals both the beauty and the toxicity of the Great Lakes. From the ornate fountains of Chicago to the sewers of Windsor, viewers are carried through marsh and pipe, across pounding waves and through thunder clouds on a journey that provides a view of our ecosystem. Along the way, Waterlife shows viewers the Great Lakes as they might appear to a seagull, a fish, or a water molecule...and other amazing perspectives. Details and a trailer are available at http://www.bullfrogfilms.com/catalog/wlife.html.
Sea Lamprey control on Dirty Jobs
During the summer of 2010, Mike Rowe and the Discovery Channel visited northern Michigan to lend a hand to sea lamprey control crews and research scientists. Sea lamprey control is a "dirty job," one that TV star Mike Rowe will take on during an upcoming episode of the Discovery Channel’s popular program Dirty Jobs. The segment aired on November 2. Let's watch for the rerun!
Birding Checklist for the Seaway Trail
seaway trail sections
At 518 miles long, the Great Lakes Seaway Trail parallels the freshwater shoreline of New York and Pennsylvania and includes diverse natural habitat for wildlife. To help birders find more than 300 species along the waterfront and sandy dunes, field, forest and wetlands of this America’s Byway travel route, Seaway Trail, Inc. has posted a new three-page Great Lakes Seaway Trail Birder’s Checklist at www.seawaytrail.com/birding. It includes information on where and when to look for interesting bird species.
ClimateWisconsin.org
Climate Wisconsin is an educational multimedia project featuring stories of climate change. The stories from across Wisconsin were documented over ten months beginning in February, 2010. All stories are supported by research in collaboration with the Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts. Funding comes from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
New blog: Great Lakes - Engage!
Rick Meyer, a career GL teacher in Minnesota, has a wealth of knowledge and teaching ideas to share! He invites us to visit his new blog, which is focused on Great Lakes resources for K-12 educators. His goal is to add 5 posts per week for at least the next 6 months to the growing resource at www.GreatLakes.ws. Feel free to share the site with others, and if you have suggestions for future posts, please share them by filling out the "Submit Ideas Form." You can also add comments about the material that is already there.

Resources for Teaching: Marine

NOAA's Lessons from the Deep
NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (OER) announces Exploring the Gulf of Mexico's Deep-Sea Ecosystems Education Materials Collection, at http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/edu/guide/welcome.html. The collection includes an Educators' Guide with background information, as well as 16 associated lesson plans. Lessons included in this collection touch on a wide variety of topics related to physical science, life science, and Earth science, and offer many opportunities for cross-curricular activities involving social studies, language arts, mathematics, and fine arts.
NOAA's Deepwater Horizon Library
For background information about the 2010 Gulf oil spill, NOAA has developed a web archive of the maps, wildlife reports, scientific reports and other previously released public information used by emergency responders, fishermen, mariners and local officials during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The NOAA Deepwater Horizon Library can be accessed via www.noaa.gov/deepwaterhorizon. The website contains previously released public information related to the response, including image and video galleries, fact sheets and publications, press releases and transcripts, educational resources, and mission logs by crew members on board several of the eight NOAA ships responding to the spill and the damage assessment.
OCEAN-OIL Database from NSF
Another source of materials for learning and teaching about the Deepwater Horizon spill has been created by Boston University, Louisiana State University, and the National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE). It is integrated with the Encyclopedia of Earth at www.eoearth.org/topics/view/50359/, and you are invited to contribute your own expertise. The Online Clearinghouse for Education & Networking: Oil Interdisciplinary Learning (OCEAN-OIL) is an open-access, peer-reviewed electronic education resource about the Deepwater Horizon disaster. At the time of the announcement [12/10/10] the database already contained: 1,000+ encyclopedia style articles; 400+ glossary of important terms; over 75 acronyms to help decode the language of oil spill science; links to external resources; Deepwater Horizon photo gallery and publication-quality graphs, and reports of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.
Banana Slug String Band CD
Only One Ocean CD cover
Only One Ocean has 14 rockin' new songs from the award-winning Banana Slug String Band, all designed to inspire young people and their families to learn about and care for the ocean. Several songs were written specifically for the Ocean Literacy Principles, and you'll hear the Great Lakes in a couple of them too! You'll be amazed at how much science is packed into songs of so many different types from zidego to hiphop and some traditional genres too. To order, visit the Banana Slug String Band's website www.bananaslugstringband.com.
Climate Challenge online game
From the BBC in the UK. In the role of the president of the European Nations you must make decisions that will impact climate change from 2000-2100.
BRIDGE Lesson on Sea Level
One effect of climate change is a change in sea level. Sea level (the average height of the ocean's surface relative to land) experiences natural fluctuations from small scale seasonal changes like springtime runoff to long-term decadal changes due to ocean circulation and El Nino. In addition to these natural changes, sea level around most of the world is rising as a result of global warming. As air temperatures increase, ice in glaciers and icebergs melt, increasing the amount of water in the world's oceans, and water molecules expand also causing sea level to rise. But, as with many of the effects of climate change sea level change is not consistent around the globe. In this BRIDGE activity, students look at sea level data from different US coastal cities to investigate if/how sea level is changing in that region. Visit: www.marine-ed.org/bridge/sealeveltrends.html.

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