Quarterly Newsletter for GLEAMS (Great Lakes Educators of Aquatic and Marine Science) and COSEE Great Lakes (Center for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence)
|Autumn 2009||Volume 3, Issue 4|
From the Helm: Beth Hinchey Malloy
I recently received a very exciting package in the mail from long-time GLEAMS member Ginny Chambers. Ginny was the CAMEO (Consortium of Aquatic and Marine Educators of Ohio) secretary and newsletter co-editor in the early 1990s, and she saved all of the documents from her administration. She was kind enough to send them to me, and when I opened the box I felt as if I was peering into a GLEAMS time capsule! It was neat to see the inaugural Sweetwater Seascape that she and Annette Jerwers started in 1992, as well as the original memo from President Cindy Strong that announced that CAMEO was changing its names to GLEAMS to be inclusive of all Great Lake states. Ginny even saved the original artwork for the GLEAMS lighthouse logo by Clyde Root!
Judging from the contents of the box, which contained files upon files of materials from CAMEO seminars, workshops and symposia, CAMEO/early GLEAMS was a very active society. As the present GLEAMS embraces the internet and other forms of advanced communication and distance learning opportunities, I hope that we will soon again be able to meet as a society in person to exchange ideas and get to know each other better. There are some exciting initiatives on the horizon that you will be hearing more about soon including development of Lake Erie Literacy Principles, the possible influx of $475 Million to the Great Lakes through the President’s Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, and the ever-popular COSEE workshops for 2010. These opportunities will hopefully give us opportunities to gather and share insights about ways to better make known the world of water.
Have a wonderful Fall!
- October 14
- Lake Erie Teachers' Workshop at Tifft Nature Preserve, Buffalo. Contact Ellen George, 716-645-3610, to register.
- October 19-21
- NSTA Midwest Area Convention, Minneapolis. "Changing the Climate of Science Education."
- November 5-7
- American Sail Training Association's annual conference on sail training and tall ships. Cleveland, in preparation for summer visit of tall ships to Great Lakes ports.
- Great Lakes Regional Calendar
- Organizations working for the lakes post their events at the link above.
- NOSB student video judging
- GLEAMS is one of many NMEA chapters that are helping to judge student videos on ocean literacy as part of the National Ocean Science Bowl "Living on the Ocean Planet" video contest. The contest is underway now, with videos due in Jan 2010. GLEAMS also donated $60 toward a prize for the winners. More details about the contest are available at www.oceanleadership.org/education/national-ocean-sciences-bowl.
- Great Lakes Literacy
- Work has begun in COSEE Great Lakes for an adaptation of the Ocean Literacy principles to meet the needs of educators in our region. GLEAMS members are involved and will be reaching out to scientists and educators soon for review of draft documents.
COSEE Great Lakes News
- We are finishing the 4th of 5 years for the COSEE Great Lakes program, and have just conducted our Advisory Committee meeting to share outcomes to date and plans for our remaining year. By the time we send the next newsletter we should know the dates of our summer workshops. In the meantime we are proud to share a summary of some key programs in 2009.
- Lake Erie Exploration Workshop:
- Fifteen teachers and thirteen scientists from five states came together this summer on Lake Erie to compare notes on current Lake Erie based science. The weeklong Lake Erie Exploration Workshop started at the Tom Ridge Environmental Center in Erie, Pennsylvania and wound its way along the Ohio shoreline to Stone Laboratory on Gibraltar Island in western Lake Erie. Teachers brought with them their natural curiosity and a desire to learn more facts about the lake to share with their students; scientists brought their in-depth knowledge of lake related topics and a desire to help teachers incorporate this information into their classroom. Topics included contaminate uptake by turtles; water quality at swimming beaches; coastal erosion; Great Lakes estuaries and wetlands; physical science of the lakes; Lake Erie water snakes; Native American perspectives on lakes and lands; and the geology of the Great Lakes including a hike through the Glacial Grooves on Kelly's Island. Some of the workshop highlights for teachers included discussions with scientists, the chance to use real time lake data, and the opportunity to get out on a research vessel and do 'field work'.
- Two Shipboard and Shoreline Science workshops
- Aboard the R/V Peter Wise Lake Guardian offered 30 educators the opportunity to spend a week on Lake Huron or Lake Superior with research scientists from USEPA's Great Lakes National Program Office and Midwest Research and Development Group, as well as scientists from other agencies and universities. Their blogs tell the story of great adventures in learning! Aboard the vessel, educator teams developed hypotheses regarding the relationships between the physical and biological parameters being examined at multiple stations in the lakes. The teams worked beside the scientists to collect relevant data for their hypotheses and ended the week with analysis and implications of the data as well as an appreciation for working conditions on a research vessel and the wonders of living on a lake!
- Educator House Calls
- Scientists had professional development opportunities too, in addition to learning from the educators in workshops. Three Educator House Calls were conducted, with teachers and informal educators coming into science facilities for the purpose of assisting scientists with their classroom outreach. Two sessions were in conjunction with the Lake Superior Youth Symposium and one was at the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. At GLERL the educators counseled researchers on what kinds and formats of lake data were useful in teaching. As a result, new datasets are being prepared and will be posted as they become available at…. This map shows locations of the Professional Development workshops sponsored by COSEE Great Lakes in summer of 2009.
- IL-IN Events
- We also had some unique opportunities captured by Robin Goettel in the IL-IN office for COSEE. Science Saturday for Chicago included a day of learning on the lake with science experiences for young and old based on “Boats, Nets, Fish, and Lake Michigan Research.” The public learned what organisms exist in the lake and the different sampling techniques/equipment used by scientists to gather information. They also learned how invasive species affect the food web; what types of sampling equipment is used and why different types are used; and how to have a career as a biologist. This public outreach event broadened skills for the scientists. The hands-on experience and the public Q&A session fostered positive engagement. The scientists appeared to realize that it can be fun to interact with the public and teach them about what they love, sharing their passion for Great Lakes science.
- COSEE Great Lakes also created a service learning course at the University of Illinois to engage students in relevant and menaingful service in the local community. Twenty-five university students taught children in 5 schools abour important enviornmental issues. Their efforts culminated in a Stewardship Fair where students presented their community-based projects. This teaching/learning dynamic empowered both the younger student and university students to become stewards of their local environment, while raising citizen awareness about wise use and protection of aquatic ecosystems.
- Marine Immersion Scholarships
- For 2009, twenty scholarships were awarded. Nine scholarships went to educators enrolled in the Tropical Marine Ecology Program. Eleven additional scholarships were awarded to teachers from the Great Lakes to attend the following courses from Michigan Technological University: Great Lakes Watershed Investigations [one teacher], Global Change [2 teachers], three teachers took 4 different courses at F.T. Stone Lab, two went to the Bahamas workshop with the Shedd Aquarium, one was assisted with credit for the Lake Erie Exploration, and Jeff Hoyer was our teacher exchange with COSEE Southeast for a Coastal Legacy Workshop.
- Tropical Marine Ecology
- was one of eight different partner programs supported by Marine Immersion Scholarships from COSEE. Teachers received stipends to help with the costs of programs at Stone Lab, the Shedd Aquarium, Michigan Tech, and a COSEE Southeast workshop, and nine teachers accompanied Advisor Garry Dole and COSEE’s Helen Domske to Roatan, Honduras, for 8 days of learning and exploring in the tropical marine environment. Read the blog for details of this exciting workshop!
- COSEE Collaborative Workshop
- Drs. Russell Cuhel and Carmen Aguilar offered their first COSEE program, a 5-day workshop (27-31 July 2009) in Milwaukee and on Lake Michigan, engaging 8 regional teachers. Initial hypothesis development about invasive species was followed by a day of shipboard collections at a natural reef ecosystem; a day of laboratory measurement, analysis, and discussion; a second day of shipboard work utilizing remotely operated vehicle technology on a surprise site; and two final days of research interspersed with activities demonstrations and application of the experience to standards-based classroom use. Watch the web for more information.
- Teachable Moments
- MN staffer Cynthia Hagley worked with MN Sea Grant to provide Teachable Moments for scientists with educators as a spinoff from the Lake Superior Youth Symposium. Read more... Three Invasive Species and the Erie Canal workshops were offered by NY staffer Helen Domske on July 28 and 29, and August 26. There were 56 teachers representing grades 4th-11th from city and suburban schools and one non-formal educator. The high level of interest in these workshops is driven by the fact that invasive species are an important science topic and that the Erie Canal is covered in the fourth grade curriculum in NY.
- Looking ahead
- Autumn is not only our time for looking backward at accomplishments, but also forward to new challenges. We plan to make the most of our 5th year of COSEE, bringing to educators and researchers more opportunities for collaboration and professional growth. There will be a new Request for Proposals from NSF this fall, an opportunity to refresh and revitalize COSEE Great Lakes efforts for coming years.
- NOAA's Teacher at Sea
- This free teacher research experience is now accepting applications for 2010 field season. Application Deadline: December 31, 2009.
- COSEE-West offers an online workshop
- "Ocean Observing Systems (00S)" on October 23 - November 13, 2009. www.usc.edu/org/cosee-west/workshops.html
- The National Ocean Sciences Bowl (NOSB®)
- hosts its second annual Living on the Ocean Planet video competition for high school students. The goal is to showcase student-developed original videos that educate the general public about marine technology and address the Essential Ocean Literacy Principles. Deadline: Monday, January 25, 2010 - 5:00PM EST.
- YouTube work-around.
- Many fine videos for teaching are on YouTube and may be blocked by school systems. If you get the latest "Real Player" software, and play the video at home (where YouTube isn't blocked), Real Player will pop up to ask if you want to Download the Video. Hit yes, and the video will be saved to the RealPlayer library, making it available to show when it’s needed in teaching.
- COSEE O’LAKERS funds
- Need a bus for your Great Lakes field trip? Want to visit Stone Lab or a Great Lakes science institution with your students? Each of the GL states has funds to support some programs for students to interact with Great Lakes science as Ocean/Lake-Aware Kids Engaged in Relevant Science [O’LAKERS]. Contact your state COSEE leader for information on how to apply.
Great Lakes News
- Asian carp knocking on the back door
- New DNA testing finds the invasive carp just miles from the electric barrier that protects the Great Lakes from these ravenous fish.
- Science News feature article, PEARLS UNSTRUNG
- By Sid Perkins August 29th, 2009; Vol.176 #5 (p. 18). For a while, the Great Lakes weren't connected by rivers and Niagara Falls was just a trickle.
- Climate Change Mitigation Strategies Ignore Carbon Cycling Processes Of Inland Waters, Scientists Say
- ScienceDaily (Sep. 27, 2009) — In a paper titled "The Boundless Carbon Cycle," published in the September issue of Nature Geoscience, scientists four countries argue that current international strategies to mitigate manmade carbon emissions and address climate change have overlooked a critical player – inland waters. Streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands play an important role in the carbon cycle that is unaccounted for in conventional carbon cycling models.
- Nearshore Areas of the Great Lakes 2009 Report
- This report from Environment Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency describes the current state of nearshore area environmental conditions and changes in nearshore areas of the Great Lakes since 1996, and it suggests management implications related to nearshore issues. Nearshore areas of the Great Lakes are important because this is where land-based activities can impact water quality and where humans generally interact with the Great Lakes.
- Shipping report
- Great Lakes transport is still suffering from the recession, but gained some boost from higher waters in summer. Still, ships are not fully loaded. Only 2% of the Army Corps of Engineers’ stimulus funds will go to Great Lakes efforts in dredging and deepening locks. For the year,
- limestone trade: 13.4 million tons, down 34.6% from 2008, 40.5% below the 5-year average for the January-August timeframe.
- iron ore: 16.1 million tons, down 59% from 2008, 56.4% below 5-year average.
- Coal: down 25% from 2008, >28% off the 5-year average.
- Science Necessary for Sustainability
- A recent report in PLoS Biology found that global fisheries management is falling far short of international standards. According to the report, which surveyed 1,188 fisheries experts from every coastal nation in the world, only 7% of these countries set policy based on robust science and only 1.4% could claim transparency in converting science into policy. Free download, Volume 7 | Issue 6 | e1000131, June 2009.
- Marine Fisheries on the Earth Portal
- by Daniel Pauly and Dirk Zeller, includes a history of issues leading to today’s fisheries crises. Global warming warps marine food webs. Interesting article on physical and biological systems connections.
- Sea Levels up 2 feet on East Coast in summer
- From a NOAA report in National Geographic, reported by ENN 9/15/09. “Sea levels rose as much as 2 feet (60 cm) higher than predicted this summer along the U.S. East Coast. A new report from NOAA has identified the two major factors behind the high sea levels—a weakened Gulf Stream and steady winds from the northeastern Atlantic. Running at full steam, the powerful current pulls water into its "orbit" and away from the East Coast. But this summer, for reasons unknown, the Gulf Stream slowed down, sending water toward the coasts. Adding to the sustained surge, autumn winds from the northeastern Atlantic arrived a few months early, pushing even more water coastward.
- Fish farms
- Science Daily reports that fish farms, once a fledgling industry, now account for 50 percent of the fish consumed globally, according to a new report by an international team of researchers. And while getting more efficient, it is putting strains on marine resources by consuming large amounts of feed made from wild fish harvested from the sea, the authors conclude. Their findings are published in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
- Loggerhead turtle populations at risk
- In a global review of the status of the loggerhead turtle, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) concluded that all nine populations worldwide have “the potential to decline in the future.” Although the number of turtles has increased at nesting beaches in the Southwest Indian and South Atlantic Oceans, the report states that available information on threats to turtles in those regions indicates “possible unsustainable additional mortalities.” The report outlines the causes of such mortality. Coastal development such as harbors, seawalls and nearshore stabilization structures such as groins and jetties frequently alters nesting habitat and makes it less suitable for nesting females. The construction of roadways, hotels and condominiums increases light pollution, which has been shown to disorient hatchlings and draw them away from the ocean, and also deters nesting females from emerging onto the beach. Additionally, such construction can lead to greater human traffic on beaches, increasing the risk of sand being compacted and nests being trampled. [reported inSeaWeb Ocean Update, 9/09]
- "A Sea Change We Can Believe In"
- That is how NOAA Administrator Jane Lubchenco put it at a press conference Sept. 17. Along with the White House Council on Environmental Quality, the Coast Guard and other Ocean Policy Task Force members she had just released their interim report to the President calling for a National Ocean Policy that: Takes an ecosystem based approach to managing the nation's public seas, uses Marine Spatial Planning to resolve user conflicts, focuses on building resiliency based on healthy non-polluted habitats and bountiful wildlife - and adaptation (planning for the worst) to respond to impacts including ocean acidification and Arctic ice loss brought on by climate change. [from BlueNotes, Sept. 19. 2009]
- What Science Says About Beach Sand and Stomach Aches
- USGS Sound Waves for September links to an important article: By washing your hands after digging in beach sand, you could greatly reduce your risk of ingesting bacteria that could make you sick. In new research, scientists have determined that although beach sand is a potential source of bacteria and viruses, hand rinsing may effectively reduce exposure to microbes that cause gastrointestinal illnesses. These findings were published recently in the Journal of Water and Health (v. 7, no. 4, p. 623-629).
Resources for Teaching: Great Lakes
- Great Lakes Lessons online
- COSEE Great Lakes, GLOS, Eastern Michigan University and Michigan Sea Grant have developed a website that demonstrates collaboration among organizations and agencies. Lessons use data from NOAA-GLERL, the Great Lakes Observing System, and other environmental data for lessons on topics such as dead zones, fish finders, storm surges, climate, currents and the like.
- Wisconsin Great Lakes Education Clearinghouse
- This online clearinghouse adds a new dimension to a statewide website already rich in environmental information for teachers in this state: Environmental Education in Wisconsin. The clearinghouse, funded by the Wisconsin Department of Administration’s Wisconsin Coastal Management Program, provides Wisconsin educators with Great Lakes curricula and educational materials in addition to other Great Lakes resources, such as:
- Great Lakes field trips and programs
- Professional development opportunities for Great Lakes educators
- Great Lakes service learning and volunteering opportunities (for teachers and students)
- Great Lakes events
- House Call prescription
- COSEE educators have documented how an Educator House Call for scientists works. A useful publication for agencies wishing to implement education and outreach in science.
- Sturtevant, RA and A Marshall. 2009. Educator House Call: On-line Data for Educators Needs Assessment - Summary Report. NOAA TM-149.
Resources for Teaching: Marine
- Ocean Facts Website
- NOAA's National Ocean Service offers an ever-growing Ocean Facts Website. The questions range from basic (What is an estuary?) to the more unusual (What does peanut butter have to do with the ocean?). [Posted on July 31, 2009 by neosec]
- The End of the Line documentary trailer.
- Film about bluefin tuna overfishing, Rupert Murray, Director. International response from Riz Khan on AlJazeeraEnglish at www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhUOAm9Lx0o
- Google Ocean
- Learn how to navigate beneath the ocean on YouTube.
- Links for climate change lessons
- compiled and annotated by Vicki Osis through Scuttlebutt contributions.
- The Bridge, http://web.vims.edu/bridge/?svr=www
- UCAR, University Cooperation for Atmospheric Research Windows to the Universe This is a complex website with many links and topics. It is unique in that at the top of the page is a beginners, intermediate, and advanced selection on the same topic just different levels. Here is UCAR's entry for Climate and Global Change http://tinyurl.com/os2mle which is good for middle to High school students and gives a thorough walk through of causes and issues of climate change.
- Climate Literacy Network If you have a limited amount of time to devote climate change you might wish to go through their climate literacy brochure with students. It covers the essentials in one place and will give them a good grasp in a short period of time about the concerns of climate change
- Earth System Science Education Alliance This site has lists of teaching activities by grade level on a number of topics. This URL given is for climate grades 9-12 they also have other levels. At the top of the page are the other grade levels to navigate through it.
- Institute for Environmental Strategies The Education and outreach option has a number of links to climate change teaching materials at a variety of grade levels, that download as PDF files and can printed off and used in the classroom. Some topics are Coral reefs in hot water. Agriculture, What is El Nino (what would a permanent el Nino bring to the planet ie global warming) etc.
- DLESE For searching teaching materials by topic and grade level DLESE is a good site. They link to teaching materials K-college from agencies, universities and government agencies etc. Their search portal is easy to use and you can sort by grade level. The drawback is there are lots and LOTS of materials filed just in the case of the topic climate change. They store many other topics as well.
- Ocean Motion
- Learn to identify weather-related patterns in satellite data of ocean surface currents, ocean temperature, and winds with special attention given to El Niño. Read about the mechanisms that trigger this ocean phenomena. Find out about the interplay between the ocean and the atmosphere that creates global weather patterns that affect millions of people.
- Thank You Ocean PSA
- posted by Claire Fackler, NOAA. Download the inspiring clip. This video is not associated with YouTube.